AN ORDINANCE BY THE TOWN/VILLAGE/MUNICIPALITY OF __________, __________ COUNTY, MARYLAND ELIMINATING CONSTITUTIONAL PRIVILEGES FROM CORPORATIONS DOING BUSINESS WITHIN THE TOWN/VILLAGE/MUNICIPALITY
Section 1. Name. The name of this Ordinance shall be the "Corporate Privilege Elimination and Democracy Protection Ordinance."
Section 2. Authority. This Ordinance is adopted and enacted pursuant to the authority granted to the Town/Village/Municipality by all relevant state and federal laws, including, but not limited to, the following:
The general authority granted by the Constitution of Maryland and the Corporations-Municipal Code to make and adopt all such ordinances, bylaws, rules, and regulations as may be deemed expedient or necessary for the proper management, care, and control of the Town/Village/Municipality and its finances and the maintenance of the health, safety, peace, good government, and welfare of the Town/Village/Municipality.
The Constitution of Maryland, Declaration of Rights, Art. 1, which provides that all government of right originates from the people and is instituted solely for the good of the whole.
The Code of the Public General Laws of Maryland, Art. 23A, § 2, which gives incorporated municipalities general power to pass such ordinances as they deem necessary in order to assure the good government of the municipality, to protect and preserve the municipality's rights, property, and privileges, to preserve peace and good order, to secure persons and property from danger and destruction, and to protect the health, comfort, and convenience of the citizens of the municipality.
Section 3. General Purpose. The general purpose of this Ordinance is to recognize that:
(1) A corporation is a legal fiction that is created by the express permission of the people of this Town/Village/Municipality as citizens of this State;
(2) Interpretation of the U.S. Constitution by Supreme Court justices to include corporations in the term "persons" has long wrought havoc with our democratic process by endowing corporations with constitutional privileges originally intended solely to protect the citizens of the United States;
(3) This judicial bestowal of civil and political rights upon corporations interferes with the administration of laws within this Town/Village/Municipality and usurps basic human and constitutional rights exercised by citizens of this Town/Village/Municipality;
(4) The judicial designation of corporations as "persons" grants corporations the power to sue municipal governments for adopting laws that violate the claimed constitutional rights of corporations;
(5) The judicial designation of corporations as "persons" requires that municipal governments recognize the corporation as a legitimate participant in public hearings, zoning hearing board appeals, and other governmental matters before the municipality;
(6) The judicial designation of corporations as "persons" grants corporations unfettered access to local elections and First Amendment rights that enable corporations to control public debate on and discussion about important issues;
(7) By virtue of the wealth possessed by corporations, buttressed by these protections of law, corporations enjoy constitutional privileges to an extent beyond the reach of most citizens;
(8) When the Maryland legislature knowingly authorizes corporations to do business in this State under the current framework of legal protections, the legislature enables corporations to wield their constitutional privileges to interfere with democratic governance within this Town/Village/Municipality;
(9) Democracy means government by the people. Only citizens of this Town/Village/Municipality should be able to participate in the democratic process in the Town/Village/Municipality and enjoy a republican form of government;
(10) Interference by corporations in the democratic process usurps the rights of citizens to participate in the democratic process in the Town/Village/Municipality and enjoy a republican form of government;
(11) The ability of citizens of this Town/Village/Municipality to establish rules to protect the health, safety, and welfare of Town/Village/Municipality residents has been diminished by the exercise of constitutional privileges by corporations.
Section 4. Specific Purpose. The specific purpose of this Ordinance is to eliminate the purported constitutional rights of corporations in order to remedy the harms that corporations cause to the citizens of the Town/Village/Municipality by exercise of such rights.
Section 5. Statement of Law. Corporations shall not be considered to be "persons" protected by the Constitution of the United States or the Constitution of the State of Maryland within the Town/Village/Municipality of __________.
Section 6. Severability. The provisions of this Ordinance are severable. If any section, clause, sentence, part, or provision of the Ordinance shall be held illegal, invalid, or unconstitutional by any court of competent jurisdiction, such decision of the court shall not affect, impair, or invalidate any of the remaining sections, clauses, sentences, parts, or provisions of this Ordinance. It is hereby declared to be the intent of the Town/Village/Municipality that this Ordinance would have been adopted if such illegal, invalid, or unconstitutional section, clause, sentence, part, or provision had not been included herein.
Section 7. Effective Date. This Ordinance shall be effective immediately upon passage or as soon thereafter as permitted by law.
(c) Copyright 1996-2005,
Mythical Intelligence, Inc. and Thom Hartmann
Corporate personhood ordinances and constitutional amendments copyright CELDF
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